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A Guide for First time Parents III

Circumcision and Umbilical Cord Care

Immediately after circumcision, the top of the penis is usually covered with gauze covered with petroleum jelly so that the wound does not adhere to the diaper. After changing the diaper, gently clean the top with warm water and then apply petroleum jelly to the tip so that it does not stick to the diaper. Redness or irritation of the penis should heal within a few days, but if the redness or swelling increases or pus-filled blisters form, an infection can occur and you should call your child's doctor right away.

Umbilical cord care in newborns is also important. Some doctors recommend rubbing the area with alcohol until the stump of the cord dries and falls off, usually in 10 to 3 weeks, but other doctors recommend leaving the area alone. Talk to your pediatrician to find out what they prefer.

The baby's Navel area should not be submerged in water until the cord stump has fallen off and the area has healed. Until the stump of the cable changes, it changes color from yellow to brown or black - this is normal. 

Feeding and Burping Your Baby

Whether you are bottle feeding or breastfeeding a newborn, you may be wondering how often you can do it. It is usually recommended to feed children on request whenever they are hungry. The baby may signal to you by crying, putting his fingers to his mouth or making a pulling sound.

The newborn should be fed every 2 to 3 hours. If you are breastfeeding, give your baby the opportunity to breastfeed for about 10-15 minutes on each breast. If you feed on artificial nutrition, your baby is likely to take about 2-3 ounces (60-90 milliliters) each time he is fed.

Some children may need to wake up every few hours to make sure they have enough food. Call your child's doctor if you need to wake the child often or if the child is not interested in eating or sucking.

If you’re breastfeeding, you can easily see if your baby is eating enough food, but if you’re breastfeeding, it can be a little more complicated. If your baby looks happy, if he produces around six wet diapers and a few stools a day, sleeps well, and gains weight regularly, he will probably eat a lot.

Babies often ingest air while feeding, which causes them great anxiety. To avoid this, grunt your baby frequently. Try to feed your baby every 2 to 3 ounces (60 to 90 milliliters) if you are breastfeeding.

If your baby tends to speak fluently, has gastroesophageal reflux, or looks nervous while breastfeeding, try breastfeeding your baby after every ounce of bottle or every 5 minutes while breastfeeding.

Try these burping tips:

  • Put your baby on his knees. With one hand, support the child's chest and head by holding the child's chin in the child's palm and placing the heel on the child's chest (be careful to grip the child's chin, not the throat). Gently touch the back of the child with the other hand.
  • Put the baby face down on his lap. Support the baby's head, make sure it is higher than his chest, and adjust his back.

If your baby is not burping after a few minutes, change the baby's position and try burping for another few minutes before feeding again. After feeding, always cut the baby and then keep it upright for at least 10-15 minutes to prevent it from spitting.

Sleeping Basics

Newborns usually sleep for 2 to 4 hours. Don't expect your children to sleep through the night - babies' digestive tract is so small that they have to feed every few hours and should wake up if they have not been fed for 4 hours (or more often if the doctor worries about gaining weight).

When can you expect your child to sleep through the night? Many babies sleep all night (6 to 8 hours) at the age of 3 months, but if your baby is not, it is not a problem. Like adults, children need to develop their own sleep patterns and cycles, so if your newborn is overweight and looks healthy, don't despair if you don't sleep all night for 3 months.

It is important to have babies sleep on their backs at all times to reduce the risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). Other safe methods of sleeping include: not using blankets, quilts, sheepskin, stuffed animals and pillows in the crib or basket (these can turn the baby off); and sharing a bedroom (but not a bed) with parents for the first 6 months to 1 year. Also, be sure to change the position of the baby's head from night to night (first to the right, then to the left, and so on) so as not to create a flat spot on one side of the head.

Many children find days and nights "confusing". At night they tend to be more alert and awake and during the day they become more sleepy. One way to help yourself is to minimize nocturnal stimulation. Dim the lighting, for example with a night light. Book an interview and have fun with your child for the whole day. When your child wakes up during the day, try to let him sleep a little longer by talking and playing.

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